Weeds: Foxtail barley | Glyphosate-resistant kochia

Kochia grows quickly, and patches should be sprayed with an "effective" tank mix in the pre-seed window.

An AAFC model predicted kochia would be the most likely weed to become glyphosate resistant on the Prairies. It was right. If you have resistant kochia or if you want to avoid resistant kochia, follow the steps below. Source: Ken Sapsford, U of S

Early weed control is as important as early seeding for crop yield potential. This is a good time for a pre-seed burnoff for general weed control. Here are some specific weed issues to think about.

Foxtail barley heavy in fields unseeded in 2011. Foxtail barley has proliferated in some fields that were unseeded last year due to excess moisture. Foxtail barley is best controlled in fall. Pre-seed applications when shoots are small and hidden by the previous year’s tuft are not always that effective unless very high rates of glyphosate (720 grams per acre equivalent) are used. Waiting until the foxtail barley is emerged beyond the dead tissue of the tuft may provide a better kill, but by then done a lot of damage in terms of tying up moisture and nutrient.

Management tips for glyphosate-resistant kochia: Glyphosate resistant kochia was confirmed in three fields in southern Alberta in 2011. Growers with glyphosate-resistant kochia can control it ahead of canola using the high rate of CleanStart. Non-Roundup Ready canola varieties also provide options for in-crop control, although kochia is best controlled when very small.

How to prevent glyphosate resistant weeds from forming:
—Control weeds early. Herbicides are more effective on small weeds.
—Use a tank mix with pre-seed glyphosate applications when possible for crops in the rotation. Hitting weeds with two modes of action reduces the risk of herbicide resistant weeds escaping and setting seed. CleanStart (glyphosate and carfentrazone) is available for use ahead of canola. Through the whole crop rotation, use a variety of other herbicide groups (modes of action). Take note of other forms of resistance that are widespread in the weed of concern, such as Group 2 resistance in over 90% of kochia populations and roughly 40-50% of cleavers infestations.
—Use the right herbicide at the right rate and apply at the right time.
—Control weeds throughout the season to reduce the weed seed bank.
—Visit WeedTool  for more information on ways to reduce the risk of developing glyphosate-resistant weeds.

Treat volunteer canola as a weed. Volunteer canola emerging earlier than your seeded canola crop is not a positive contributor to yield. Emergence tends to be in clusters, creating excessive competition to the seeded crop. And the variation in emergence dates creates a non-uniform crop that makes timing of fungicide applications and harvest difficult to manage. Use a pre-seed burnoff to get rid of volunteers that emerge ahead of the crop.

Consider a tank mix partner with the glyphosate as some of the volunteers are likely to be glyphosate tolerant, but ensure the product has no residual issues for the canola crop.