It’s mid May, so put away the soil thermometer. When you get the chance to seed, then seed.
Seeding into warmer (8-10°C) soils will improve seed survival and have more seed emerging at the same time (as shown in the graph) but waiting for warm soils needs to be balanced against the yield benefits of early seeding. To improve seed survival and speed of emergence in cooler soils, seed shallow and use safe rates of seed-placed phosphate. Limit all other seed-placed fertilizer. For more tips, read here.
Two more things about seeding May 14 into cool soils:
1. Canola seed can germinate in soils as cool as 2°C.
2. And even if soils are cool today, they should be warmer in a week when emergence begins. Many areas are warm today or will be by tomorrow, and according to the Weather Network and Environment Canada, highs look to stay in the teens for most of the Prairies for the coming week.
Listen to a stand establishment podcast with CCC agronomy specialist Autumn Barnes.