A good reason to count stems at harvest

Average stem counts for each canola field harvested this year can put yield, quality and harvest date results in perspective and help with seeding rate decisions in 2021. 

Fall stubble counts can help with seed buying decisions. Credit: Justine Cornelsen

By collecting a few years’ worth of plant stand data and cross referencing it with seeding rates, yield, grade and maturity data for each field, farms can determine their own optimum target stand. Profit and risk are best optimized with canola plant densities of 50-80 plants per square metre (five to eight per square foot). Growers may discover that in some situations, 50 plants per square metre (five per square foot) is a suitable target while in other situations (weedier fields, shorter growing season, etc), 70-80 plants per square metre (seven to eight per square foot) is more appropriate. 

Although lower plant densities may reach yield targets in some years, thin stands cause a decline in yield stability and predictability. Thinner stands will produce branchier plants that take longer to mature, leading to later harvests and an  increased risk of fall frost that can lock in green seed. 

Compare harvest counts to spring emergence counts. Canola plant counts can drop 10 to 15 per cent through the season. If plant density declines throughout the season, check scouting notes and consider the most likely reasons – self-thinning due to high plant density? insects? weather? disease? – and whether there’s a profit-improving way to prevent this. Seed choice may be part of the solution. 

Use the calculators at canolacalculator.ca to help with target stand and seeding rate decisions. For tips on how to count, read Why count canola stems in the fall?