Equipment for straight combining

Specialty headers designed to straight combine canola seem to provide an improvement over standard straight cut headers. These specialty headers have the cutterbar out in front of the reel to catch seed that drops on impact from the reel bats.

Biso header for straight combining canola

Ontario Canola Growers Association ran a study in 2012 to compare shatter loss and yield differences between three straight cut headers. At a one-site-year field demonstration site, they compared a New Holland 35-foot CF740 flex header, a 40-foot Case IH draper header, and a modified 30-foot John Deere 930 header with the flex pan removed and replaced with a solid pan with an 18-inch table extension. The modified header also had a vertical side cutter on the right divider. Canola seed loss was 76% less with the modified header and 60% less with the draper header when compared with a regular flex header.

Wheatland Conservation Area at Swift Current, Saskatchewan has also compared headers for straight combining canola and found some evidence that specialty headers with the knife out front of the reel will reduce shatter losses, but concluded that more work is necessary in a wider range of Prairie conditions.

PAMI started a three-year canola header study in 2014, comparing a swath/pick-up control and three straight-cut headers — draper, rigid-auger and a Varifeed header with an extendable knife position. Based on year one results from sites at Indian Head and Swift Current, shatter losses during harvest were similar between all three straight cut headers. With two more years to go, this study should provide some very useful harvest management tips.

Reel tips. The PAMI work provides some preliminary tips on reel settings. (1) Engage the reel just enough to induce the crop to flow back into the header, but not so much as to cause unnecessary shatter. Don’t have the reel deep into the canopy. (2) Roughly match reel speed to ground speed to minimize contact with the canopy.

Further reading:

Straight combining canola: Reducing the risk
Straight combining canola: Best candidate fields
Tips for pre-harvest drydown
IHARF research project report