May 6 Quiz — Emergence issues

1. What happened to the cotyledons on this young canola plant?

frost-damage-cotyledons Hammond
2. What has damaged this seedling?

Wirestem Hammond
3. These canola plants are healthy, but a plant establishment issue could create management decision challenges all season long. What is the issue?

Seeding too deep
4. There seems to be a lot of missing plants in this field. What do you think happened?

Cutworm losses