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Recent Accomplishments in Canola Meal Research

 

The canola industry is investing in research that increases our understanding of the value of canola in diets for livestock animals. Much of the research highlighted below is funded through Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada’s AgriScience Cluster Program, the Canola Council of Canada, Alberta Canola, SaskCanola and the Manitoba Canola Growers. The importance of canola meal as a feed ingredient has also been recognized by other funding bodies, and these results are shown as supplemental information.


The publications below are organized into the following categories:

  1. Understanding the nutritive contribution of canola meal for dairy cows

  2. Determining the optimum level of inclusion of canola meal in diets for dairy cows

  3. Review of research in canola meal for dairy cows including Meta Analyses

  4. Understanding the nutritive contribution of canola meal for swine

  5. Determining the optimum level of inclusion of canola meal in diets for swine

  6. Treatment of canola meal to improve digestibility for swine

  7. Review of research in canola meal for swine

  8. Understanding the nutritive contribution of canola meal for poultry

  9. Determining the optimum level of inclusion of canola meal in diets for poultry

  10. Treatment of canola meal to improve digestibility for poultry

  11. Review of research in canola meal for poultry

 

1. Understanding the nutritive contribution of canola meal for dairy cows

 

Broderick, G.A., Colombini, S., Costa, S., Karsli, M.A. and Faciola, A.P., 2016. Chemical and ruminal in vitro evaluation of Canadian canola meals produced over 4 years. Journal of Dairy Science, 99(10), pp.7956-7970. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022030216304441

 

Broderick, G.A., Faciola, A.P. and Armentano, L.E., 2015. Replacing dietary soybean meal with canola meal improves production and efficiency of lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 98(8), pp.5672-5687) https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022030215004166

 

Maxin, G., Ouellet, D.R. and Lapierre, H., 2013. Effect of substitution of soybean meal by canola meal or distillers grains in dairy rations on amino acid and glucose availability. Journal of Dairy Science, 96(12), pp.7806-7817. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022030213007133

 

Maxin, G., Ouellet, D.R. and Lapierre, H., 2013. Ruminal degradability of dry matter, crude protein, and amino acids in soybean meal, canola meal, corn, and wheat dried distillers grains. Journal of Dairy Science, 96(8), pp.5151-5160https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022030213004311

 

Moore, S.A.E and Kalscheur, K.F. 2016. Canola meal in dairy cow diets during early lactation increases production compared with soybean meal. Journal of Animal Science. 94 (Suppl 5) pp. 731. https://search.proquest.com/openview/722540355643bca1e87713c0143c629d/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=49113

 

Moore, S.A. E., Kalsheur, K.F., Aguerra, J, and Powell, M.J. 2016. Effects of canola meal and soybean meal as protein sources on methane and ammonia emissions of high producing dairy cows. Journal of Animal Science 94 (Suppl 5)pp 572. https://search.proquest.com/openview/0299d961036561f3f6cb339a59cb2075/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=49113

 

Mutsvangwa, T., Kiran, D. and Abeysekara, S., 2016. Effects of feeding canola meal or wheat dried distillers grains with solubles as a major protein source in low-or high-crude protein diets on ruminal fermentation, omasal flow, and production in cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 99(2), pp.1216-1227. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S002203021500925X

 

Paula, E.M., Broderick, G.A., Danes, M.A.C., Lobos, N.E., Zanton, G.I. and Faciola, A.P., 2018. Effects of replacing soybean meal with canola meal or treated canola meal on ruminal digestion, omasal nutrient flow, and performance in lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 101(1), pp.328-339. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022030217310068

 

Paula, E.M., Broderick, G.A. and Faciola, A.P., 2020. Effects of replacing soybean meal with canola meal for lactating dairy cows fed 3 different ratios of alfalfa to corn silage. Journal of Dairy Science, 103(2), pp.1463-1471. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022030219310768

 

Paula, E.M., Monteiro, H.F., Silva, L.G., Benedeti, P.D.B., Daniel, J.L.P., Shenkoru, T., Broderick, G.A. and Faciola, A.P., 2017. Effects of replacing soybean meal with canola meal differing in rumen-undegradable protein content on ruminal fermentation and gas production kinetics using 2 in vitro systems. Journal of Dairy Science, 100(7), pp.5281-5292. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022030217303569

 

Sánchez-Duarte, J.I., Kalscheur, K.F., Casper, D.P. and García, A.D., 2019. Performance of dairy cows fed diets formulated at 2 starch concentrations with either canola meal or soybean meal as the protein supplement. Journal of Dairy Science, 102(9), pp.7970-7979. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022030219305831

 

Swanepoel, N., Robinson, P.H. and Erasmus, L.J., 2015. Effects of ruminally protected methionine and/or phenylalanine on performance of high producing Holstein cows fed rations with very high levels of canola meal. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 205, pp.10-22. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840115001133

 

Swanepoel, N., Robinson, P.H. and Erasmus, L.J., 2016. Impacts of adding ruminally protected phenylalanine to rations containing high levels of canola meal on performance of high producing Holstein cows. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 216, pp.108-120. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840116301067

 

Swanepoel, N., Robinson, P.H. and Erasmus, L.J., 2016. Rumen microbial protein flow and plasma amino acid concentrations in early lactation multiparity Holstein cows fed commercial rations, and some relationships with dietary nutrients. Livestock Science, 190, pp.58-9. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S187114131630124X

 

Swanepoel, N., Robinson, P.H. and Erasmus, L.J., 2018. Production responses of high producing Holstein cows to ruminally protected phenylalanine and tyrosine supplemented to diets containing high levels of canola meal. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 243, pp.90-101. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840117313731

 

Additional Resources

 

Acharya, I.P., Schingoethe, D.J., Kalscheur, K.F. and Casper, D.P., 2015. Response of lactating dairy cows to dietary protein from canola meal or distillers’ grains on dry matter intake, milk production, milk composition, and amino acid status. Canadian Journal of Animal Science, 95(2), pp.267-279. https://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/full/10.4141/cjas-2014-130#.XyA17Z5KiUk

 

Gidlund, H., Hetta, M., Krizsan, S.J., Lemosquet, S. and Huhtanen, P., 2015. Effects of soybean meal or canola meal on milk production and methane emissions in lactating dairy cows fed grass silage-based diets. Journal of Dairy Science, 98(11), pp.8093-8106. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022030215006578

 

Hristov, A.N., Domitrovich, C., Wachter, A., Cassidy, T., Lee, C., Shingfield, K.J., Kairenius, P., Davis, J. and Brown, J., 2011. Effect of replacing solvent-extracted canola meal with high-oil traditional canola, high-oleic acid canola, or high-erucic acid rapeseed meals on rumen fermentation, digestibility, milk production, and milk fatty acid composition in lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 94(8), pp.4057-4074. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022030211004097

 

Krizsan, S.J., Gidlund, H., Fatehi, F. and Huhtanen, P., 2017. Effect of dietary supplementation with heat-treated canola meal on ruminal nutrient metabolism in lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 100(10), pp.8004-8017. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S002203021730749X

 

Moate, P.J., Williams, S.R.O., Grainger, C., Hannah, M.C., Ponnampalam, E.N. and Eckard, R.J., 2011. Influence of cold-pressed canola, brewers grains and hominy meal as dietary supplements suitable for reducing enteric methane emissions from lactating dairy cows. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 166, pp.254-264. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037784011100188X

 

Pereira, A.B.D., Moura, D.C., Whitehouse, N.L. and Brito, A.F., 2020. Production and nitrogen metabolism in lactating dairy cows fed finely ground field pea plus soybean meal or canola meal with or without rumen-protected methionine supplementation. Journal of Dairy Science, 103(4), pp.3161-3176.https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022030220301156

 

Weiss, W.P., Wyatt, D.J., Kleinschmit, D.H. and Socha, M.T., 2015. Effect of including canola meal and supplemental iodine in diets of dairy cows on short-term changes in iodine concentrations in milk. Journal of dairy science, 98(7), pp.4841-4849. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S002203021500301X

 

Welter, K.C., Martins, C.M.D.M.R., de Palma, A.S.V., Martins, M.M., dos Reis, B.R., Schmidt, B.L.U. and Saran Netto, A., 2016. Canola oil in lactating dairy cow diets reduces milk saturated fatty acids and improves its omega-3 and oleic fatty acid content. PloS one, 11(3), p.e0151876. https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0151876

 

 


2. Determining the optimum level of inclusion of canola meal in diets for dairy cows

 

Broderick, G.A., Faciola, A.P. and Armentano, L.E., 2015. Replacing dietary soybean meal with canola meal improves production and efficiency of lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 98(8), pp.5672-5687. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022030215004166

 

Gauthier, H., Swanepoel, N. and Robinson, P.H., 2019. Impacts of incremental substitution of soybean meal for canola meal in lactating dairy cow diets containing a constant base level of corn derived dried distillers’ grains with solubles. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 252, pp.51-63. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840118312938

 

Moore, S.A.E and Kalscheur, K.F. 2016. Canola meal in dairy cow diets during early lactation increases production compared with soybean meal. Journal of Animal Science. 94 (Suppl 5) pp. 731 https://search.proquest.com/openview/722540355643bca1e87713c0143c629d/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=49113

 

Mutsvangwa, T., Kiran, D. and Abeysekara, S., 2016. Effects of feeding canola meal or wheat dried distillers grains with solubles as a major protein source in low-or high-crude protein diets on ruminal fermentation, omasal flow, and production in cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 99(2), pp.1216-1227. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S002203021500925X

 

Robinson, P.H. and Swanepoel, N., 2018. Impacts of increasing levels of canola meal in diets of high producing Holstein cows on their productive performance. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 237, pp.175-185. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840117312191

 

Swanepoel, N., Robinson, P.H. and Erasmus, L.J., 2014. Determining the optimal ratio of canola meal and high protein dried distillers grain protein in diets of high producing Holstein dairy cows. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 189, pp.41-53. (45) https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840114000042

 

Additional Resources

 

Acharya, I.P., Schingoethe, D.J., Kalscheur, K.F. and Casper, D.P., 2015. Response of lactating dairy cows to dietary protein from canola meal or distillers’ grains on dry matter intake, milk production, milk composition, and amino acid status. Canadian Journal of Animal Science, 95(2), pp.267-279. https://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/full/10.4141/cjas-2014-130#.XyA17Z5KiUk

 

 


3. Review of research in canola meal for dairy cows including meta analyses

 

Kalscheur, K.F. and Moore, S.A.E. 2017, Canola meal versus soybean meal in dairy cow diets.Proc. Penn State Dairy Nutrition Workshop. pp. 103-107 (29) https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/5919/98a892cabdac7f98891638ba26b7ecbdd46b.pdf

 

Kalscheur, K.F and Moore, S.A. E. 2018. Canola meal, a proven advantage in various diet formulations. Proc. Four State Dairy Nutrition Conference. pp. 141-144 (30) http://canolamazing.com/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/18_4state_proceedings-25Kalscheur.pdf

 

Martineau, R., Ouellet, D.R. and Lapierre, H., 2013. Feeding canola meal to dairy cows: A meta-analysis on lactational responses. Journal of Dairy Science, 96(3), pp.1701-1714.(35) https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022030213000118

 

Martineau, R., Ouellet, D.R. and Lapierre, H., 2014. The effect of feeding canola meal on concentrations of plasma amino acids. Journal of Dairy Science, 97(3), pp.1603-1610.(36) https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022030214000290

 

Martineau, R., Ouellet, D.R. and Lapierre, H., 2019. Does blending canola meal with other protein sources improve production responses in lactating dairy cows? A multilevel mixed-effects meta-analysis. Journal of Dairy Science, 102(6), pp.5066-5078.(37) https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022030219302887

 

Additional Resources

 

Huhtanen, P., Hetta, M. and Swensson, C., 2011. Evaluation of canola meal as a protein supplement for dairy cows: A review and a meta-analysis. Canadian Journal of Animal Science, 91(4), pp.529-543. https://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/full/10.4141/cjas2011-029#.XyAvfp5KiUk

 

Evans, E., Callum, C. and Dyck, B., 2016. Review: new findings regarding the feeding value of canola meal for dairy cows. J. Advances in Dairy Research, 4, p.151-153.

 

 


4. Understanding the nutritive contribution of canola meal for swine:

 

Adewole, D.I., Rogiewicz, A., Dyck, B. and Slominski, B.A., 2016. Chemical and nutritive characteristics of canola meal from Canadian processing facilities. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 222, pp.17-30. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840116307325

 

Adewole, D.I., Rogiewicz, A., Dyck, B., Nyachoti, C.M. and Slominski, B.A., 2017. Standardized ileal digestible amino acid contents of canola meal from Canadian crushing plants for growing pigs. Journal of Animal Science, 95(6), pp.2670-2679. https://academic.oup.com/jas/article-abstract/95/6/2670/4702588

 

Adhikari, P.A., Heo, J.M. and Nyachoti, C.M., 2016. High dose of phytase on apparent and standardized total tract digestibility of phosphorus and apparent total tract digestibility of calcium in canola meals from Brassica napus black and Brassica juncea yellow fed to growing pigs. Canadian Journal of Animal Science, 96(2), pp.121-127. https://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/full/10.1139/cjas-2014-0172#.Xx8iwJ5KiUk

 

Berrocoso, J.D., Rojas, O.J., Liu, Y., Shoulders, J., González-Vega, J.C. and Stein, H.H., 2015. Energy concentration and amino acid digestibility in high-protein canola meal, conventional canola meal, and soybean meal fed to growing pigs. Journal of Animal Science, 93(5), pp.2208-2217. https://academic.oup.com/jas/article-abstract/93/5/2208/4717636

 

Grageola, F., Landero, J.L., Beltranena, E., Cervantes, M., Araiza, A. and Zijlstra, R.T., 2013. Energy and amino acid digestibility of expeller-pressed canola meal and cold-pressed canola cake in ileal-cannulated finishing pigs. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 186(3-4), pp.169-176. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840113002964

 

Heo, J.M., Adewole, D. and Nyachoti, M., 2014. Determination of the net energy content of canola meal from B rassica napus yellow and B rassica juncea yellow fed to growing pigs using indirect calorimetry. Animal Science Journal, 85(7), pp.751-756. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/asj.12196

 

Kim, J.W., Koo, B. and Nyachoti, C.M., 2018. Net energy content of canola meal fed to growing pigs and effect of experimental methodology on energy values. Journal of Animal Science, 96(4), pp.1441-1452. https://academic.oup.com/jas/article-abstract/96/4/1441/4907944

 

Landero, J.L., Wang, L.F., Beltranena, E., Bench, C.J. and Zijlstra, R.T., 2018. Feed preference of weaned pigs fed diets containing soybean meal, Brassica napus canola meal, or Brassica juncea canola meal. Journal of Animal Science, 96(2), pp.600-611. https://academic.oup.com/jas/article-abstract/96/2/600/4827736

 

Landero, J.L., Beltranena, E. and Zijlstra, R.T., 2013. Diet nutrient digestibility and growth performance of weaned pigs fed solvent-extracted Brassica juncea canola meal. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 180(1-4), pp.64-72. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840113000059

 

Le, M.H.A., Buchet, A.D.G., Beltranena, E., Gerrits, W.J.J. and Zijlstra, R.T., 2012. Digestibility energy and amino acids of canola meal from two species (Brassica juncea and Brassica napus) fed to distal ileum cannulated grower pigs. Journal of Animal Science, 90(suppl_4), pp.218-220. https://academic.oup.com/jas/article-abstract/90/suppl_4/218/4704125

 

Le, M.H.A., Buchet, A.D.G., Beltranena, E., Gerrits, W.J.J. and Zijlstra, R.T., 2017. Digestibility and intestinal fermentability of canola meal from Brassica juncea and Brassica napus fed to ileal-cannulated grower pigs. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 234, pp.43-53. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840117306867

 

Le, M.H.A., Landero, J.L., Beltranena, E. and Zijlstra, R.T., 2014. The effect of feeding increasing inclusion of extruded Brassica juncea canola expeller on growth performance and nutrient digestibility in weaned pigs. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 192, pp.73-80. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037784011400087X

 

Le Thanh, B.V., Beltranena, E., Zhou, X., Wang, L.F. and Zijlstra, R.T., 2019. Amino acid and energy digestibility of Brassica napus canola meal from different crushing plants fed to ileal-cannulated grower pigs. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 252, pp.83-91.(19) https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840118305753

 

Mejicanos, G.A. and Nyachoti, C.M., 2018. Effect of tail-end dehulling of canola meal on apparent and standardized ileal digestibility of amino acids when fed to growing pigs. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 243, pp.102-111. (3) https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840118304383

 

Mejicanos, G.A., Regassa, A. and Nyachoti, C.M., 2017. Effect of high canola meal content on growth performance, nutrient digestibility and fecal bacteria in nursery pigs fed either corn or wheat based diets. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 231, pp.59-66.(8) https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840117301578

 

Neto, M.T., Opepaju, F.O., Slominski, B.A. and Nyachoti, C.M., 2012. Ileal amino acid digestibility in canola meals from yellow-and black-seeded Brassica napus and Brassica juncea fed to growing pigs. Journal of Animal Science, 90(10), p.3477. (2) https://academic.oup.com/jas/article-abstract/90/10/3477/4717877

 

Sanjayan, N., Heo, J.M. and Nyachoti, C.M., 2014. Nutrient digestibility and growth performance of pigs fed diets with different levels of canola meal from Brassica napus black and Brassica juncea yellow. Journal of Animal Science, 92(9), pp.3895-3905. (1) https://academic.oup.com/jas/article-abstract/92/9/3895/4702280

 

Wang, L.F., Beltranena, E. and Zijlstra, R.T., 2017. Diet nutrient digestibility and growth performance of weaned pigs fed Brassica napus canola meal varying in nutritive quality. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 223, pp.90-98. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840116305818

 

Woyengo, T.A., Sánchez, J.E., Yáñez, J., Beltranena, E., Cervantes, M., Morales, A. and Zijlstra, R.T., 2016. Nutrient digestibility of canola co-products for grower pigs. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 222, pp.7-16. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840116302218

 

Zhou, X., Beltranena, E. and Zijlstra, R.T., 2017. Apparent and true ileal and total tract digestibility of fat in canola press-cake or canola oil and effects of increasing dietary fat on amino acid and energy digestibility in growing pigs. Journal of Animal Science, 95(6), pp.2593-2604. https://academic.oup.com/jas/article-abstract/95/6/2593/4702548

 

Zhou, X., Zijlstra, R.T. and Beltranena, E., 2015. Nutrient digestibility of solvent-extracted Brassica napus and Brassica juncea canola meals and their air-classified fractions fed to ileal-cannulated grower pigs1. Journal of Animal Science, 93(1), pp.217-228. https://academic.oup.com/jas/article-abstract/93/1/217/4701103

 

Additional Resources

 

Liu, Y., Jaworski, N.W., Rojas, O.J. and Stein, H.H., 2016. Energy concentration and amino acid digestibility in high protein canola meal, conventional canola meal, and in soybean meal fed to growing pigs. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 212, pp.52-62. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840115300730

 

Woyengo, T.A., Jha, R., Beltranena, E. and Zijlstra, R.T., 2016. In vitro digestion and fermentation characteristics of canola co-products simulate their digestion in the pig intestine. animal, 10(6), pp.911-918. https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/animal/article/in-vitro-digestion-and-fermentation-characteristics-of-canola-coproducts-simulate-their-digestion-in-the-pig-intestine/2FCB15C681BC446C54BEF3960A92F282

 

Woyengo, T.A., Yánez, J., Young, M.G., Lanz, G., Beltranena, E. and Zijlstra, R.T., 2014. Nutritional value of full-fat green canola seed fed to growing–finishing pigs. Journal of Animal Science, 92(8), pp.3449-3459. https://academic.oup.com/jas/article-abstract/92/8/3449/4703812

 

Zhou, X., Beltranena, E. and Zijlstra, R.T., 2016. Effects of feeding canola press-cake on diet nutrient digestibility and growth performance of weaned pigs. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 211, pp.208-215. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840115300754

 

 


5. Determining the optimum level of inclusion of canola meal in diets for swine

 

Landero, J.L., Beltranena, E. and Zijlstra, R.T., 2013. Diet nutrient digestibility and growth performance of weaned pigs fed solvent-extracted Brassica juncea canola meal. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 180(1-4), pp.64-72. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840113000059

 

Landero, J.L., Wang, L.F., Beltranena, E., Bench, C.J. and Zijlstra, R.T., 2018. Feed preference of weaned pigs fed diets containing soybean meal, Brassica napus canola meal, or Brassica juncea canola meal. Journal of Animal Science, 96(2), pp.600-611. https://academic.oup.com/jas/article-abstract/96/2/600/4827736

 

Le, M.H.A., Landero, J.L., Beltranena, E. and Zijlstra, R.T., 2014. The effect of feeding increasing inclusion of extruded Brassica juncea canola expeller on growth performance and nutrient digestibility in weaned pigs. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 192, pp.73-80. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037784011400087X

 

Mejicanos, G.A., Regassa, A. and Nyachoti, C.M., 2017. Effect of high canola meal content on growth performance, nutrient digestibility and fecal bacteria in nursery pigs fed either corn or wheat based diets. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 231, pp.59-66. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840117301578

 

Sanjayan, N., Heo, J.M. and Nyachoti, C.M., 2014. Nutrient digestibility and growth performance of pigs fed diets with different levels of canola meal from Brassica napus black and Brassica juncea yellow. Journal of Animal Science, 92(9), pp.3895-3905. https://academic.oup.com/jas/article-abstract/92/9/3895/4702280

 

Smit, M.N., Seneviratne, R.W., Young, M.G., Lanz, G., Zijlstra, R.T. and Beltranena, E., 2014. Feeding Brassica juncea or Brassica napus canola meal at increasing dietary inclusions to growing-finishing gilts and barrows. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 198, pp.176-185 (20). https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840114002934

 

Velayudhan, D.E., Hossain, M.M., Regassa, A. and Nyachoti, C.M., 2018. Effect of canola meal inclusion as a major protein source in gestation and lactation sow diets with or without enzymes on reproductive performance, milk composition, fecal bacterial profile and nutrient digestibility. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 241, pp.141-150. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840118302013

 

Wang, L.F., Beltranena, E. and Zijlstra, R.T., 2017. Diet nutrient digestibility and growth performance of weaned pigs fed Brassica napus canola meal varying in nutritive quality. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 223, pp.90-98.(21) https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840116305818

 

Additional Resources

 

Liu, Y., Oliveira, M.S. and Stein, H.H., 2018. Canola meal produced from high-protein or conventional varieties of canola seeds may substitute soybean meal in diets for gestating and lactating sows without compromising sow or litter productivity. Journal of Animal Science, 96(12), pp.5179-5187. https://academic.oup.com/jas/article-abstract/96/12/5179/5089988

 

Smit, M.N., Seneviratne, R.W., Young, M.G., Lanz, G., Zijlstra, R.T. and Beltranena, E., 2014. Feeding increasing inclusions of canola meal with distillers dried grains and solubles to growing-finishing barrows and gilts. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 189, pp.107-116. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840114000121

 

Zhou, X., Beltranena, E. and Zijlstra, R.T., 2016. Effects of feeding canola press-cake on diet nutrient digestibility and growth performance of weaned pigs. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 211, pp.208-215. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840115300754

 

Zhou, X., Young, M.G., Zamora, V., Zijlstra, R.T. and Beltranena, E., 2014. Feeding increasing dietary inclusions of extruded Brassica juncea canola expeller-pressed cake on growth performance, carcass characteristics, and jowl fatty acids of growing-finishing pigs. Canadian Journal of Animal Science, 94(2), pp.331-342. https://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/full/10.4141/CJAS2013-198#.XyAr8J5KiUk

 

 


6. Treatment of canola meal to improve digestibility for swine

 

Jia, W., Mikulski, D., Rogiewicz, A., Zduńczyk, Z., Jankowski, J. and Slominski, B.A., 2012. Low-fiber canola. Part 2. Nutritive value of the meal. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 60(50), pp.12231-12237.(10) https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf302118c

 

Mejicanos, G.A. and Nyachoti, C.M., 2018. Effect of tail-end dehulling of canola meal on apparent and standardized ileal digestibility of amino acids when fed to growing pigs. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 243, pp.102-111.(3) https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840118304383

 

Mejicanos, G.A., Rogiewicz, A., Nyachoti, C.M. and Slominski, B.A., 2017. Fractionation of canola meal using sieving technology. Canadian Journal of Animal Science, 97(4), pp.613-621. (4) https://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/full/10.1139/cjas-2016-0229#.XxrcHJ5KiUk

 

Velayudhan, D.E., Hossain, M.M., Regassa, A. and Nyachoti, C.M., 2018. Effect of canola meal inclusion as a major protein source in gestation and lactation sow diets with or without enzymes on reproductive performance, milk composition, fecal bacterial profile and nutrient digestibility. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 241, pp.141-150.(7) https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840118302013

 

Zhou, X., Zijlstra, R.T. and Beltranena, E., 2015. Nutrient digestibility of solvent-extracted Brassica napus and Brassica juncea canola meals and their air-classified fractions fed to ileal-cannulated grower pigs1. Journal of Animal Science, 93(1), pp.217-228. https://academic.oup.com/jas/article-abstract/93/1/217/4701103

 

Additional Resources

 

Niu, Y., Rogiewicz, A., Wan, C., Guo, M., Huang, F. and Slominski, B.A., 2015. Effect of microwave treatment on the efficacy of expeller pressing of Brassica napus rapeseed and Brassica juncea mustard seeds. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 63(12), pp.3078-3084. https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf504872x

 

Pedersen, N.R., Ravn, J.L. and Pettersson, D., 2017. A multienzyme NSP product solubilises and degrades NSP structures in canola and mediates protein solubilisation and degradation in vitro. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 234, pp.244-252. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840117310404

 

 


7. Review of research in canola meal for swine

 

Mejicanos, G., Sanjayan, N., Kim, I.H. and Nyachoti, C.M., 2016. Recent advances in canola meal utilization in swine nutrition. Journal of Animal Science and technology, 58(1), p.7-20 (8) https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s40781-016-0085-5

 

Woyengo, T.A., Beltranena, E. and Zijlstra, R.T., 2017. Effect of anti-nutritional factors of oilseed co-products on feed intake of pigs and poultry. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 233, pp.76-86.(22) https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840116301821

 

 


8. Understanding the nutritive contribution of canola meal for poultry

 

Adewole, D.I., Rogiewicz, A., Dyck, B. and Slominski, B.A., 2016. Chemical and nutritive characteristics of canola meal from Canadian processing facilities. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 222, pp.17-30 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840116307325

 

Kozlowski, K., Mikulski, D., Rogiewicz, A., Zdunczyk, Z., Rad-Spice, M., Jeroch, H., Jankowski, J. and Slominski, B.A., 2018. Yellow-seeded B. napus and B. juncea canola. Part 2. Nutritive value of the meal for turkeys. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 240, pp.102-116. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840117313858

 

Mansoori, B., Rogiewicz, A. and Slominski, B.A., 2015. The effect of canola meal tannins on the intestinal absorption capacity of broilers using a D‐xylose test. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition, 99(6), pp.1084-1093. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/jpn.12320

 

Radfar, M., Rogiewicz, A., & Slominski, B. A. (2017). Chemical composition and nutritive value of canola-quality Brassica juncea meal for poultry and the effect of enzyme supplementation. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 225, 97-108. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840117300494

 

Rad-Spice, M., Rogiewicz, A., Jankowski, J. and Slominski, B.A., 2018. Yellow-seeded B. napus and B. juncea canola. Part 1. Nutritive value of the meal for broiler chickens. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 240, pp.66-77. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840117313846

 

Slominski, B.A., Jia, W., Rogiewicz, A., Nyachoti, C.M. and Hickling, D., 2012. Low-fiber canola. Part 1. Chemical and nutritive composition of the meal. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 60(50), pp.12225-12230. https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf302117

 

Zduńczyk, Z., Jankowski, J., Juśkiewicz, J., Mikulski, D. and Slominski, B.A., 2013. Effect of different dietary levels of low-glucosinolate rapeseed (canola) meal and non-starch polysaccharide-degrading enzymes on growth performance and gut physiology of growing turkeys. Canadian Journal of Animal Science, 93(3), pp.353-362. https://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/full/10.4141/cjas2012-085#.Xxrjd55KiUk

 

Additional Resources

 

Bryan, D.D., MacIsaac, J.L., McLean, N.L., Rathgeber, B.M. and Anderson, D.M., 2019. Nutritive Value of Expeller-Pressed Yellow Canola Meal for Broiler Chickens Following Enzyme Supplementation. The Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 28(4), pp.1156-1167. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1056617119322810

 

Bryan, D.D., MacIsaac, J.L., Rathgeber, B.M., McLean, N.L. and Anderson, D.M., 2017. Meal residual oil level and heat treatment after oil extraction affects the nutritive value of expeller-pressed canola meal for broiler chickens. Canadian Journal of Animal Science, 97(4), pp.658-667. https://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/full/10.1139/cjas-2015-0207#.XyAuzJ5KiUk

 

Chen, X., Parr, C., Utterback, P. and Parsons, C.M., 2015. Nutritional evaluation of canola meals produced from new varieties of canola seeds for poultry. Poultry Science, 94(5), pp.984-991. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0032579119324915

 

Dervan D.L.S. Bryan, Janice L. MacIsaac, Nancy L. McLean, Bruce M. Rathgeber, Derek M. Anderson. Nutritive Value of Expeller-Pressed Yellow Canola Meal for Broiler Chickens Following Enzyme Supplementation. Journal of Applied Poultry Research 2019, 28 (4) , 1156-1167. https://doi.org/10.3382/japr/pfz

 

Gorski, M., Foran, C., Utterback, P. and Parsons, C.M., 2017. Nutritional evaluation of conventional and increased-protein, reduced-fiber canola meal fed to broiler chickens. Poultry Science, 96(7), pp.2159-2167. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0032579119314063

 

Hanna, C.D., Foran, C.K., Utterback, P.L., Stein, H.H. and Parsons, C.M., 2018. Phosphorus bioavailability in increased-protein, reduced-fiber canola meal, conventional canola meal, and soybean meal fed to crossbred chicks. Poultry Science, 97(1), pp.188-195. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0032579119306066

 

Jayaraman, B., MacIsaac, J. and Anderson, D., 2016. Effects of derived meals from juncea (Brassica juncea), yellow and black seeded canola (Brassica napus) and multicarbohydrase enzymes supplementation on apparent metabolizable energy in broiler chickens. Animal Nutrition, 2(3), pp.154-159. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2405654516300038

 

Lee, J.W., Wang, S., Huang, Y., Seefeldt, T., Donkor, A., Logue, B.A. and Woyengo, T.A., 2020. Toxicity of canola-derived glucosinolates in pigs fed resistant starch-based diets. Journal of Animal Science, 98(5), p.skaa111. https://academic.oup.com/jas/article-abstract/98/5/skaa111/5817019

 

 


9. Determining the optimum level of inclusion of canola meal in diets for poultry

 

Zduńczyk, Z., Jankowski, J., Juśkiewicz, J., Mikulski, D. and Slominski, B.A., 2013. Effect of different dietary levels of low-glucosinolate rapeseed (canola) meal and non-starch polysaccharide-degrading enzymes on growth performance and gut physiology of growing turkeys. Canadian Journal of Animal Science, 93(3), pp.353-362. https://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/full/10.4141/cjas2012-085#.Xxrkg55KiUk

 

 


10. Treatment of canola meal to improve digestibility for poultry

 

Jia, W., Mikulski, D., Rogiewicz, A., Zduńczyk, Z., Jankowski, J. and Slominski, B.A., 2012. Low-fiber canola. Part 2. Nutritive value of the meal. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 60(50), pp.12231-12237. (10) https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf302118c

 

Meng, X., Slominski, B.A., Nyachoti, C.M., Campbell, L.D. and Guenter, W., 2005. Degradation of cell wall polysaccharides by combinations of carbohydrase enzymes and their effect on nutrient utilization and broiler chicken performance. Poultry science, 84(1), pp.37-47. (15) https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S003257911944515X

 

Radfar, M., Rogiewicz, A., & Slominski, B. A. (2017). Chemical composition and nutritive value of canola-quality Brassica juncea meal for poultry and the effect of enzyme supplementation. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 225, 97-108.(14) https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840117300494`

 

Slominski, B.A., Jia, W., Rogiewicz, A., Nyachoti, C.M. and Hickling, D., 2012. Low-fiber canola. Part 1. Chemical and nutritive composition of the meal. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 60(50), pp.12225-12230. (9) https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf302117x

 

Zduńczyk, Z., Jankowski, J., Juśkiewicz, J., Mikulski, D. and Slominski, B.A., 2013. Effect of different dietary levels of low-glucosinolate rapeseed (canola) meal and non-starch polysaccharide-degrading enzymes on growth performance and gut physiology of growing turkeys. Canadian Journal of Animal Science, 93(3), pp.353-362. (11) https://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/full/10.4141/cjas2012-085#.Xxrx8J5KiUk

 

Additional Resources

 

Bryan, D.D., MacIsaac, J.L., McLean, N.L., Rathgeber, B.M. and Anderson, D.M., 2019. Nutritive Value of Expeller-Pressed Yellow Canola Meal for Broiler Chickens Following Enzyme Supplementation. The Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 28(4), pp.1156-1167. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1056617119322810

 

Hanna, C.D., Foran, C.K., Utterback, P.L., Stein, H.H. and Parsons, C.M., 2018. Phosphorus bioavailability in increased-protein, reduced-fiber canola meal, conventional canola meal, and soybean meal fed to crossbred chicks. Poultry science, 97(1), pp.188-195. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0032579119306066

 

Jayaraman, B., MacIsaac, J. and Anderson, D., 2016. Effects of derived meals from juncea (Brassica juncea), yellow and black seeded canola (Brassica napus) and multicarbohydrase enzymes supplementation on apparent metabolizable energy in broiler chickens. Animal Nutrition, 2(3), pp.154-159. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2405654516300038

 

Niu, Y., Rogiewicz, A., Wan, C., Guo, M., Huang, F. and Slominski, B.A., 2015. Effect of microwave treatment on the efficacy of expeller pressing of Brassica napus rapeseed and Brassica juncea mustard seeds. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 63(12), pp.3078-3084. https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf504872x

 

Pedersen, N.R., Ravn, J.L. and Pettersson, D., 2017. A multienzyme NSP product solubilises and degrades NSP structures in canola and mediates protein solubilisation and degradation in vitro. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 234, pp.244-252. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840117310404

 

 


11. Review of research in canola meal for poultry

 

Khajali, F. and Slominski, B.A., 2012. Factors that affect the nutritive value of canola meal for poultry. Poultry Science, 91(10), pp.2564-2575 (16). https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0032579119397627

 

Additional Resources

 

Wickramasuriya, S.S., Yi, Y.J., Yoo, J., Kang, N.K. and Heo, J.M., 2015. A review of canola meal as an alternative feed ingredient for ducks. Journal of Animal Science and Technology, 57(1), p.29. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s40781-015-0062-4

 

Woyengo, T.A., Beltranena, E. and Zijlstra, R.T., 2017. Effect of anti-nutritional factors of oilseed co-products on feed intake of pigs and poultry. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 233, pp.76-86. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377840116301821