2018 CARP Funded Projects

2018 CARP Funded Projects

 

2018.1 - Biopesticides as a Novel Management Strategy for Sclerotinia in Canola

Objective: The objectives of this research are to: i) screen and evaluate biopesticide potential and efficacy for control of disease development and growth of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum ; ii) conduct molecular characterization for bacterial strain identification and detection and evaluate bacterial genes turned on by the biopesticide that lead to improved performance and survival, iii) understand plant defense mechanisms involved in the biocontrol ability of the biopesticides, and iv) evaluate efficacy of bacterial biopesticides.

Principal Investigator: Dr. Susan Boyetchko, AAFC Saskatoon

Funding Partners: Manitoba Canola Growers, SaskCanola

 

2018.7 - Effect of hairiness in brassica lines on the abundance, feeding and oviposition behavior of flea beetles, DBM and Aster leafhopper

Objective: The objectives of this research are to: i) conduct field trials with naturally-hairy B. napus lines and B. villosa, to assess feeding damages of flea beetles, DBMs and aster leafhoppers, ii) conduct laboratory-based bioassays with naturally-hairy B. napus lines and B. villosa to assess feeding and oviposition behavior of flea beetles, DBM and aster leafhoppers, iii) gather information on the interactions between flea beetles, DBM and aster leafhopper with B. villosa and hairy lines on B. napus.

Principal Investigator: Dr. Chrystel Olivier, AAFC Saskatoon

Funding Partners: Alberta Canola, SaskCanola

 

2018.14 - Canola frequency effects on nutrient turnover and root-microbe interactions

Objective: The objectives of this research are to: i) determine the influence of rotation and canola variety on cycling and availability of nutrients during the critical flowering stage, ii) examine how crop rotation effects on the structure of the canola root and rhizosphere microbiome, iii) identify and quantify root exudate responses to available soil nutrients or metabolites in the soil that result from different previous crops. iv) Examine relationships between root exudates and microbial communities that reflect potential plant-mediated manipulation of nutrient fluxes.

Principal Investigator: Dr. Bobbi Helgason, University of Saskatchewan

Funding Partners: Alberta Canola, SaskCanola

 

2018.18 - Assessing Surface Wax chemical diversity as a tool to defend against abiotic and biotic stress in Canola

Objective: The project objectives are aimed at building a unique resource that will act as a foundation for further work towards the development of improved varieties through the manipulation of surface wax in B. napus.

Principal Investigator: Dr. Mark Smith, AAFC Saskatoon

Funding Partners: SaskCanola

 

2018.20 - Development of a harmonized clubroot map

Objective: The main objective of this research is to examine the feasibility of a harmonized clubroot map as a tool for the selection of effective disease management strategies, and assessing disease risk in specific regions.

Principal Investigator: Dr. Stephen Strelkov, University of Alberta

Funding Partners: Alberta Canola, Manitoba Canola Growers, SaskCanola

 

2018.23 - Generate knowledge and control strategies for the pollen beetle Brassicogethes viridescens (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae), a new invasive insect pest of canola

Objective: The objectives of this research are to: i) develop a laboratory rearing method for pollen beetle, ii) test the efficacies of insecticides against pollen beetles, iii) develop economic thresholds for pollen beetle in canola, iv) survey fields in Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba for the presence/absence of pollen beetles and survey for naturally occurring parasitoids of pollen beetles in Atlantic Canada.

Principal Investigator: Dr. Christine Noronha, AAFC Charlottetown

Funding Partners: Alberta Canola, Manitoba Canola Growers, SaskCanola

 

2018.28 - Reducing toxicity of seed-placed phosphorus fertilizer in oilseed crops

Objective: The objectives of this research are to: i) determine the maximum safe rate of phosphorus fertilizer that can safely be placed with canola seed when using openers with different spreads t 9” and 12” row spacing, ii) determine the effect of the treatments on performance, yield and quality, iii) generate guidelines that producers and crop advisors can follow in determining the rate of seed-placed P fertilizer they can safely apply with different opener widths and row spacing.

Principal Investigator: Dr. Patrick Mooleki, AAFC Saskatoon

Funding Partners: Alberta Canola, SaskCanola

 

2018.34 - Identification and assessment of the role of natural enemies in pest suppression in canola with specific reference to diamondback moth management

Objective: The objectives of this research are to: i) monitor natural enemy populations associated with diamondback moth (DBM) in canola, ii) develop of functional response models to understand relationships between DBM and its natural enemies to develop dynamic action thresholds, iii) assessment predation/parasitism of DBM life stages by major natural enemies under field conditions, iv) understand factors enhancing foraging and parasitism by a major natural enemy species, D. insulare in conservation biological control of diamondback moth.

Principal Investigator: Dr. Maya Evenden, University of Alberta

Funding Partners: Alberta Canola, SaskCanola

 

2018.39 - Optimal source, placement and application timing for yield and reduction of greenhouse gas footprint for canola production on light texture soils

Objective: The main objectives of this research are to determine which of the following practices perform better on light texture soils: placement, N source for shallow banding, nitrification inhibition for deep banding, split application, placement of in-season N, inhibiting ammonia loss with top dressing.

Principal Investigator: Dr. Mario Tenuta, University of Manitoba

Funding Partners: Alberta Canola, SaskCanola

 

2018.41 - How does in-row seed spacing and spatial pattern affect canola yield?

Objective: The overall objective of this research project is to optimize the spatial pattern and density for canola by addressing the questions of how canola yield, emergence and self-thinning differ between space planting and random seeding at different seeding rates, and how spatial uniformity interacts with plant densities and row spacing.

Principal Investigator: Dr. Steven Shirtliffe, University of Saskatchewan

Funding Partners: SaskCanola